The programme below shows what is taught and when in Reception.
Each grapheme has a specific picture that is used to introduce it, along with either a pronunciation phrase or a mnemonic to ensure consistency and that all staff are introducing it in exactly the same way. Actions and songs are not used to avoid cognitive overload.
During Spring 2 the children review the phase 3 graphemes. During the summer term they begin phase 4. This consists of reading words with adjacent consonants with short and long vowel sounds. This means that during this stage they do not learn any new GPCs.